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Canadian Oil Sands Limited 2000 First Canadian Centre 350–7th Avenue SW Calgary, Alberta T2P 3N9

Tel: 403 218 6200
Fax: 403 218 6201

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Search for a word or look it up alphabetically on our glossary page.

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Sustainability

Math Minds is uniquely focusing on enhancing early numeracy in Calgary through the coordination of multiple academic, educational, community and industry organizations:

Canadian Oil Sands Limited
Canadian Oil Sands has committed $3 million to the Math Minds initiative, and provides project coordination leadership.


University of Calgary, Faculty of Education

The University of Calgary is a leading Canadian university located in the nation’s most enterprising city.  The University has a clear strategic direction – Eyes High – to become one of Canada’s top five research universities by 2016, grounded in innovative learning and teaching and fully integrated with the community of Calgary.

The Faculty of Education contributes to this vision by educating teachers to work effectively in 21st century learning environments, as well as developing critical research addressing real world problems and challenges in learning and teaching.


Calgary Catholic School District

The Calgary Catholic School District (“CCSD”) is the largest Catholic school district in Alberta, serving over 49,000 students in 105 schools located in Calgary, Airdrie, Cochrane, Chestermere and the Municipal District of Rocky View. CCSD educates and empowers students from kindergarten to Grade 12 through its mission of Living and Learning in our Catholic Faith.



Calgary Public Library

This year, the Calgary Public Library proudly celebrates 100 years of public library service in Calgary (1912 – 2012) under the centennial theme, “A Century of Inspiring Life Stories Since 1912.”  It is an award-winning public library system, providing innovative and responsive collections, services and programs that enrich lives and build community within Calgary.

The Calgary Public Library is one of the largest public library systems in North America and the second largest civic public library system in Canada. Its integrated network of 18 branches across Calgary thrives from a strong commitment to customer service, robust mobile and digital presence, and outstanding collections. The Calgary Public Library Board, constituted under the Libraries Act of Alberta and providing governance to the Library is comprised of ten elected members: two from Calgary City Council and eight Elector members (citizens of Calgary).


Boys and Girls Clubs of Calgary

The Boys and Girls Clubs of Calgary (BGCC) have been addressing the issues of lifelong health, social and life skill development associated with at-risk children and youth for over 70 years. BGCC’s mission is to provide a safe, supportive place where children and youth can experience new opportunities, overcome barriers, build positive relationships and develop confidence and skills for life.



JUMP Math
JUMP Math is a registered charity founded by mathematician and playwright John Mighton to enhance the potential in children by encouraging an understanding and love of math in students and educators. It is founded on the belief that all children can be taught to think mathematically and is committed to realizing that vision.

JUMP Math offers complete and balanced materials and training to enable teachers and tutors to reach all students. JUMP’s guided discovery approach draws on the latest research in cognitive science and the best aspects of math programs from around the world to provide a unique combination of depth, careful scaffolding, continuous assessment and a variety of innovative instructional approaches.

Math Minds

Calgary Mayor Naheed Nenshi on numeracy and the Math Minds initiative.

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A
Alberta Oil Sand(s) Deposits

The four deposits, Athabasca, Peace River, Cold Lake and Wabasca, have total resource in place estimated at 1.7 trillion to 2.5 trillion barrels. The Athabasca Oil Sands deposit, Alberta's largest and most accessible source of bitumen, contains more than one trillion barrels of bitumen over an area encompassing more than 30,000 square kilometers.

 
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B
Bitumen
The molasses-like substance that comprises up to 18 per cent of oil sands. Bitumen, in its raw state, is black, asphalt-like oil. It requires upgrading or blending to make it transportable by pipeline and usable by conventional refineries.
 
Bitumen cracking
A process that breaks large, complex hydrocarbon molecules into smaller, simpler compounds by means of heat.
 
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C
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
A non-toxic gas produced from decaying materials, respiration of animal life, and combustion of organic matter, including fossil fuels; carbon dioxide is the most common greenhouse gas produced by human activities.
 
Cokers
Vessels in which bitumen is cracked into its fractions and from which coke is withdrawn to start the process of converting bitumen to upgraded crude oil.
 
Conventional oil
Petroleum found in liquid form, flowing naturally, or capable of being pumped without further processing or dilution.
 
Cyclofeeder
Specialized equipment that receives oil sand feed and turns it into a slurry form for transport to the pump box.
 
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D
Debottleneck
An undertaking to systematically remove plant capacity limitations through modifications of existing facilities and/or addition of capital facilities.
 
Diesel cetane count
A quality specification important in the production of diesel fuels.
 
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E
Extraction
The process of separating bitumen from oil sand.
 
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F
Feedstocks
Raw material supplied to refinery, oil sands upgrader, or petrochemical plant.
 
Flue gas scrubber/desulphurizer
Equipment that removes sulphur dioxide and other emissions.
 
Fluid coking
A major part of the upgrading process whereby high temperatures in a coker break down the complex bitumen molecules, reject carbon and cause bitumen molecules to reformulate into lighter fractions that become the main ingredients in upgraded crude oil.
 
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G
Greenhouse gases
Any of the various gases that contribute to the greenhouse effect.
 
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L
LC-Finer hydroprocessor
A major upgrading unit that breaks down bitumen by adding hydrogen with the aid of a catalyst to produce gas oil.
 
Line-out
The process of optimizing an operational unit or facility to reach its design capacity.
 
Low-energy extraction
A process for extracting bitumen that uses about one-third of the energy of the traditional process, bringing significant cost and environmental benefits.
 
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M
Middle distillates
A classification of refined petroleum products that includes kerosene, diesel, and jet fuel.
 
Mine train
Modular units for crushing and mixing the oil sands with warm water to facilitate the extraction of bitumen from the oil sands.
 
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N
Naphtha
A refined petroleum product in the lighter classification that is often used to make gasoline.
 
Netback
Average realized selling price, after hedging, less operating costs and Crown royalties.
 
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O
Oil sand(s)
A composition of sand, bitumen, mineral-rich clays and water.
 
Oil sand(s) lease
A long-term agreement with the provincial government that permits the leaseholder to extract bitumen, other metals and minerals contained in the oil sands in the specified lease area.
 
Ore grade
The percentage of bitumen by weight in the oil sands.
 
Overburden
Layer of rocky, clay-like material that lies under muskeg and above oil sands deposits.
 
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S
Strip ratio
The ratio of waste (overburden material that covers mineable ore) to ore; used to define the quality of an oil sands ore body.
 
Sulphur dioxide (SO2)
A compound of sulphur and oxygen produced by burning sulphur.
 
Synbit
Typically, a synbit blend is a ~50/50 mix of bitumen and synthetic crude oil.
 
Syncrude Project
Canadian Oil Sands is a pure investment opportunity in light, sweet crude oil. Through our 36.74% interest in the Syncrude project, we offer a solid, robust production stream of fully upgraded crude oil, exposure to future crude oil prices, potential growth through high-quality oil sands leases and an attractive dividend.
 
Synthetic crude oil (SCO)
A high-quality product resulting from the mining, extraction and upgrading of bitumen.
 
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T
Tailings
A combination of water, sand, silt, fine clay particles and residual hydrocarbon that is a by-product of removing bitumen from oil sand.
 
Tailings systems
Separation of water from sand and clay to enable incorporation of solids into reclamation landscapes and recycling of water back into the operations.
 
Tar sands
Oil sands are also referred to as tar sands. Oil sands are a naturally occurring combination of clay, sands, water and bitumen (a heavy, black viscous oil), whereas tar is a man-made substance.
 
Total volume to bitumen in place (TV/BIP)
The ratio of total ore plus overburden volume to total bitumen in place.
 
Turnaround
A unit shutdown essential for good maintenance of the mining, producing and upgrading facilities. A turnaround reduces production but does not usually halt it entirely as the various operating units are often duplicated.
 
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U
Upgrader
A facility that upgrades bitumen (extra heavy oil) into synthetic crude oil.
 
Upgrading
The conversion of heavy bitumen into a lighter crude oil by increasing the ratio of hydrogen to carbon, either by removing carbon (coking) or adding hydrogen (hydroprocessing).
 
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V
Vacuum Distillation Unit (VDU)
Capable of processing 285,000 barrels of bitumen a day, the VDU pulls streams of light and heavy-gas oil from hot bitumen feed delivered by the diluents recovery unit.
 
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